epicardial adipose tissue definition science

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Cellular cross-talk between epicardial adipose tissue and ...- epicardial adipose tissue definition science ,Oct 15, 2012·Epicardial and perivascular fat depot size is considered an index of cardiac and visceral obesity. The functional and anatomic proximity of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) to myocardium has drawn increasing attention in recent years among researchers attempting to elucidate its putative role as an endocrine organ. This includes the role of EAT as a lipid storing depot and as an inflammatory ...Epicardial adipose tissue: fuel for COVID-19-induced ...May 28, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), located between the myocardium and visceral pericardium, is a unique fat depot with multifaceted features such as local and systemic physiological effects. 3 This tissue has the highest rates of lipogenesis and fatty acid metabolism among the visceral fat depots and displays metabolic, thermogenic, and ...



Epicardial adipose tissue and metabolic syndrome: An ...

The epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) can increase in the states of positive energy balance, when the free fatty acids in the blood are converted into triglycerides, and accumulated initially in adipocytes, and with this the concentration of triglycerides in the myocardium, and the disorders of glucose-insulin metabolism, the presence of chronic ...

Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Clinical Biomarker of Cardio ...

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is part of the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) that surrounds the heart and it is a quantifiable, modifiable, and multifaceted …

Detection of fibrotic remodeling of epicardial adipose ...

May 22, 2021·Figure 1 Definition of 2 types of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). Central EAT (C-EAT) was defined as the central area of EAT that is not attached to either the myocardium or epicardium (orange area).

What is epicardial adipose tissue (EAT)? | CardioVisual ...

Jul 10, 2020·A 2014 study defines EAT as a “fat depot that exists on the surface of the myocardium and is contained entirely beneath the pericardium, thus surrounding and in direct contact with the major coronary arteries and their branches.” Due to improvements in …

The characteristics and efficacy of catheter ablation of ...

Feb 18, 2021·The clinical characteristics and analysis data of epicardial adipose tissue between the Epi-AT and non-Epi-AT groups are shown in Table 3. In all Epi-AT cases, there was epicardial adipose tissue at the Epi-AT origin and EASs, and in contrast, in only seven of 16 …

IJMS | Free Full-Text | Epicardial Adipose Tissue ...

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is part of the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) that surrounds the heart and it is a quantifiable, modifiable, and multifaceted tissue that has both local and systemic effects. When EAT is enlarged, EAT contributes to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk and plays a role in the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS).

Epicardial Adipose Tissue: An Emerging Role for the ...

Mar 13, 2011·There is a growing body of evidence that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) plays an enhancing role in the development of coronary atherosclerosis. 1, 2 Pericardial fat is deposited around the heart at two locations, as epicardial and paracardial adipose tissue separated from each other by the parietal pericardium. Paracardial adipose tissue originates from the primitive thoracic mesenchyme and ...

Epicardial adipose tissue assessed by cardiac magnetic ...

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active tissue, secreting several adipokines with pro‐ and anti‐inflammatory properties ((4-6)). So far, the role of EAT has been studied mainly in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) ( ( 7 ) , ( 8 ) ).

Epicardial adipose tissue differentiates in patients with ...

Jun 25, 2021·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a visceral fat depot that shares direct anatomic contact with the myocardium without fascial interruption. Through its shared blood supply with the coronary ...

Echocardiographic measurement of epicardial adipose tissue ...

Jun 01, 2019·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a true visceral fat tissue, deposited in proximity to the atrium, the right ventricle’s free wall, and left ventricular apex of the heart . Under normal conditions, EAT has important functions, such as protecting vascular functions and providing energy …

Epicardial adipose tissue thickness is not associated with ...

Apr 14, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) represents a real and unique visceral fat deposit of the heart in terms of the size of its adipocytes, biochemical composition, and metabolic activity.

Epicardial adipose tissue: anatomic, biomolecular and ...

Under physiologic conditions, epicardial adipose tissue is thought to act as a buffering system against toxic levels of fatty acids between the myocardium and the local vascular bed. 9 Thus ...

Epicardial fat and atrial fibrillation: current evidence ...

Epicardial fat and related adipose tissue depots: anatomy and definition. Given a lack of standard taxonomy and varied use of definitions, a brief review of anatomy and terminology is first warranted. We summarize epicardial fat and other related adipose tissue definitions based on their use in current literature in Table 1.

Cardiometabolic Risk and Epicardial Adipose Tissue ...

Mar 26, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a quantifiable and modifiable biomarker. EAT is a marker of visceral adiposity and strongly correlates with fatty liver infiltration and insulin resistance. EAT has shown to correlate and predict the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome, although there is no consensus on the EAT threshold risk values, yet.

Thickness of epicardial and pericoronary adipose tissue ...

Aug 12, 2020·Aim Determination the relationship between the epicardial adipose tissue thickness (EATT) and pericoronary adipose tissue thickness (PATT) and the risk of significant coronary artery diseases (CAD) using the coronary artery calcium score (CACS). Materials and methods The study group consisted of 80 patients. The risk of significant CAD was estimated based on CACS. Adipose tissue thickness was ...

A Prospective Study of Epicardial Adipose Tissue and ...

Measurement of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness. EAT thickness was measured using echocardiography (Vivid-7; General Electric-Vingmed, Milwaukee, WI, USA) and it was defined as an echo-lucent area between the free wall of the right ventricle and the visceral layer of the pericardium at end-systole in the parasternal long axis view.

(PDF) Epicardial adipose tissue deposition in patients ...

Feb 15, 2020·The epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a biologically active organ having properties similar to visceral adipose tissue and has been associated with metabolic diseases and coronary artery disease.

Adipogenesis and epicardial adipose tissue: A novel fate ...

Feb 17, 2015·epicardial adipose tissue; EAT; PPARγ; epicardium to mesenchymal transformation; The human heart is surrounded by an extensive layer of fat, and for centuries, the …

Epicardial adipose tissue and peripheral artery disease ...

Exposure: definition and identification of EAT. Both criteria must be met: Measurement of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) by linear or volumetric analysis using MRI, CT or echocardiography. Patients who have undergone a full 3D assessment of the myocardium in order to obtain full volumetric measurement of the epicardial adipose tissue.

PERAN LEMAK EPIKARDIAL PADA PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER ...

Nagy E, Jermendy AL, Merkely B and Maurovich-Horvat P. Clinical importance of epicardial adipose tissue. Archieve of Medical Science. 2016;13:858. Patel VB, Shah S, Verma S and Oudit GY. Epicardial adipose tissue as a metabolic transducer: role in heart failure and coronary artery disease. Heart Failure Reviews. 2017:4-8.

Echocardiographic measurement of epicardial adipose tissue ...

Jun 01, 2019·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a true visceral fat tissue, deposited in proximity to the atrium, the right ventricle’s free wall, and left ventricular apex of the heart . Under normal conditions, EAT has important functions, such as protecting vascular functions and providing energy …

Epicardial fat - SlideShare

Jun 07, 2017·Epicardial fat 1. EPICARDIAL FAT AND CV RISK 2. DEFINITION Epicardial fat is the adipose tissue accumulated between the visceral pericardium and the myocardium, without a structure or fascia separating it from the myocardium and the epicardial vessels.

Epicardial Adipose Tissue | Circulation: Cardiovascular ...

Mar 01, 2015·Epicardial adipose tissue from patients with advanced coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with higher chemokine and cytokine expression at the tissue …

Epicardial and paracardial adipose tissue volume and ...

(10)Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Increased Epicardial Fat Tissue is Predictor for Patients ...

Nov 28, 2020·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) may play a vital role in the progression of ischemia and no obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA). CT can achieve a precise quantification of EAT for its higher spatial resolution compared to other methods.This study aimed at exploring EAT in patients with INOCA, and its associations with other clinical factors.From January 2017 to October 2018, a total of ...

Association of Epicardial Adipose Tissue With ...

Apr 16, 2013·Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), a type of visceral fat, may contribute to cardiometabolic risk. The aim of this study was to measure EAT volume in patients with RA and determine its relationship with cardiometabolic risk markers and coronary artery calcium.